References & Bibliography

1. Cordero E, Fleming E, Newman PA, Weaver C.  The Brewer-Dobson circulation, Stratospheric dynamics and the transport of ozone and other trace gases, The stratospheric ozone electronic textbook: Chapter 6, Section 3. Members of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Branch (Code 916), retrieved May 13, 2015.

2. Chapman S. 1930. A theory of upper-atmospheric ozone. Memoirs of the Royal Meteorological Society 3 (26) 103-25.

3. Dobson, G. M. B., A. W. Brewer and B. Cwilong, Meteorology of the lower stratosphere, Proc. Roy. Soc., Series A, 185, 144-175, 1946.

4. Hansen K. 2012. Discovering the ozone hole: Q&A with Pawan Bartia. NASA’s Earth Science News Team 09.17.12.

5. Barry PL. Peering into the Ozone Hole. NASA Science, Science News, October 2, 2002. Available:

6. The Linde Group Industrial Gases, Paramagnetic method 2015.  Available:

7. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Earth’s magnetic field 2015. Available:’s_magnetic_field

8. NASA copyright policy 2015, Media Usage Guidelines. Available:

9. NOAA Photo Library 2015, About the Images, Restrictions for Using NOAA images. Available:

10. Royal Netherlands Meteorlogical Institute KNMI, Tropospheric Emission Monitoring Internet Service TEMIS 2015, General introduction and objectives of TEMIS, “These data sets are made freely available through a user-friendly interface.”

11. CRWS San Francisco State University, Department of Earth & Climate Sciences, California Regional Weather Server, A Data Usage Disclaimer 2015.

12. When the data are used in scientific publications, please refer to the following publication: TEMIS, 2015. For OMI (OMDOAO3) data: Veefkind, J.P., J.F. de Haan, E.J. Brinksma, M. Kroon and P.F. Levelt, Total Ozone from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Using the DOAS technique, IEEE Trans. Geo. Rem. Sens., 2006, Vol. 44, No. 5, 1239-1244, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2006.871204.

13. NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Aura, OMI Ozone Monitoring
Instrument. Available 2015.

14. NOAA 2015. Wandering of the Geomagnetic Poles. Available:

15. World Data Center for Geomagnetism, Kyoto 2015. “Collected/preserved geomagnetic data are distributed to world’s data users for free whenever requested.” Available:

16. NASA 2015 Jet Propulsion Laboratory JPL, California Institute of Technology CIT, Microwave Limb Sounder MLS.

17. Schwartz M 2015. NASA/JPL/CIT/MLS The Temperature Product, How
EOS MLS measures Temperature.

18. NCAR 2015. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Atmospheric
Chemistry Observations & Modeling, Cloud tops and tropopause.
Pan L.L. and Munchak L.A. 2010. The relationship of cloud top to the tropopause/jet structure from CALIPSO data, submitted to J. Geophys. Res.,  doi: 10.1029/2010JD015462. Available:

19. San Francisco State University, Department of Earth & Climate Sciences, California Regional Weather Server 2015. Jet Stream Analyses, Archive.  Available:

20. Wikipedia 2015. South and north magnetic poles. Available:

21. Chen X, Añel JA, Su Z, de la Torre L, Kelder H, van Peet J, et al (2013)
The Deep Atmospheric Boundary Layer and Its Significance to the Stratosphere and Troposphere Exchange over the Tibetan Plateau. PLoS ONE 8(2):e56909.  DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0056909 Available:

22.  Lide DR, Editor in Chief (2005-6). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 86th Ed., pp. 4-137 and 12-101.

23.  NOAA (2010).  Why has an “ozone hole” appeared over Antarctica when ozone-depleting substances are present throughout the stratosphere?  Available URL

Additional Reading

1. The work of Susan Solomon 2015, NOAA and MIT, available.

2. Kerton, A K 2009.  Climate Change and the Earth’s Magnetic Poles, A  Possible Connection, Energy & Environment, Volume 20, Numbers 1-2, January 2009, pp. 75-83 (9), Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd.  DOI: 10.1260/095830509787689286.  Available:

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